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Ownership of Irish Government Bonds

€ millionDec. 2013Dec. 2014Dec. 2015Dec. 2016Dec. 2017Mar. 2018
1. Resident51,74750,80550,84656,10456,06156,623
Resident as % of total46.6%43.7%40.6%46.1%44.2%42.8%
–Credit Institutions and Central Bank*50,05745,87546,94951,14351,47252,228
General Government2,1531,632787474368397
Non-bank financial2,8702,7734,3163,8233,881
>Investment Funds441555594
>Financial Vehicle Corporations521514520
>Insurance Companies95192825192,1842184
>Pension Funds897725417244246
>Other Financial Intermediaries1,0221,120417325336
–Households354421330166124112
Non Financial Companies77554
2. Rest of world59,26065,53474,24065,54170,90775,632
Rest of world as % of total53.4%56.3%59.4%53.9%55.8%57.2%
Total Outstanding Stock111,007116,339125,086121,645126,968132,254

Source: Central Bank of Ireland.

* The 2013 IBRC Promissory Note repayment (non-cash settlement) resulted in €25bn of long-dated Government bonds being issued to the Central Bank of Ireland on liquidation of IBRC. This transaction results in a large increase in the share of resident holdings in March 2013. Rounding can affect totals.