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Ownership of Irish Government Bonds

€ millionDec. 2013Dec. 2014Dec. 2015Dec. 2016Dec. 2017
1. Resident51,74750,80550,84654,56854,798
Resident as % of total46.6%43.7%40.6%44.9%43.2%
–Credit Institutions and Central Bank*50,05745,87546,94951,14351,472
General Government2,1531,632787472368
Non-bank financial2,8702,7732,6762,442
>Insurance Companies951928764698
>Pension Funds897725417244
>Other Financial Intermediaries1,0221,1201,4961,501
–Households354421330271241
Non Financial CompaniesN/A7755
2. Rest of world59,26065,53474,24067,07772,170
Rest of world as % of total53.4%56.3%59.4%55.1%56.8%
Total Outstanding Stock111,007116,339125,086121,645126,968

Source: Central Bank of Ireland.

* The 2013 IBRC Promissory Note repayment (non-cash settlement) resulted in €25bn of long-dated Government bonds being issued to the Central Bank of Ireland on liquidation of IBRC. This transaction results in a large increase in the share of resident holdings in March 2013. Rounding can affect totals.