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Key Economic Indicators

Consumer spending (% chg vol)
Government spending (% chg vol)
Investment (% chg vol)27.961.2-
Exports (% chg vol)
Imports (% chg vol)26.016.4-
GDP (% chg vol)
GNP (% chg vol)
Nominal GDP (€€bn)262.0275.6296.2312.8329.6345.1360.0
Employment (% chg)
Unemployment rate (% labour force)
HICP (% chg yoy)0.0-
GDP Deflator (% chg yoy)7.30.0-
General Government Balance (€bn)-5.0-1.9-1.0-0.8-
General Government Balance (% GDP)-1.9-0.7-0.3-0.2-
General Government Balance (% GNI*)-2.9-1.0-0.5-0.4-
Primary Government Balance (% GDP)
General Government Debt (€bn)201.5200.6201.3206.3209.4207.7211.4
General Government Debt (% GDP)76.972.868.066.063.560.258.7
General Government Debt (% GNI*)106.0100.196.993.688.986.8
Average interest rate on stock of GG debt3.

Source: Department of Finance (SPU 2018, April 2018).