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Key Economic Indicators

Consumer spending (% chg vol)
Government spending (% chg vol)
Investment (% chg vol)-31.0-
Exports (% chg vol)
Imports (% chg vol)-
GDP (% chg vol)
GNP (% chg vol)
Nominal GDP (€€bn)294.1321.6341.5360.0375.8392.2
Employment (% chg)
Unemployment rate (% labour force)
HICP (% chg yoy)
GDP Deflator (% chg yoy)
General Government Balance (€bn)-0.7-0.3-
General Government Balance (% GNI*)-0.4-
Primary Government Balance (% GDP)
General Government Debt (€bn)201.3205.9209.6203.3207.7208.4
General Government Debt (% GDP)68.464.061.456.555.353.1
General Government Debt (% GNI*)111.1105.2101.
Average interest rate on stock of GG debt2.

Source: Department of Finance (Budget 2019, October 2018).